Welding is a materials joining process based on variety of techniques which involves applying local heat and, sometimes additionally or alternatively, pressure and friction causing substrate materials to melt and thus resulting in fused joints.

Welding techniques include:


Diffusion Bonding also referred to as Diffusion Welding

Electric Resistance Welding (ERW)

Electron Beam Welding (EBW)

Electroslag Welding (ESW)

Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW or FCA)

Friction Stir Welding (FSW)

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) - more commonly referred to as Metal Inert Gas (MIG) or

Metal Active Gas (MAG)

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) – more commonly referred to as Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG)

Laser Beam Welding (LBW)

Microwave Welding

Oxy-Fuel Welding - more commonly referred to as Oxyacetylene Welding, Oxy Welding or Gas Welding

Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) – also referred to Maual Metal Arc Welding (MMA or MMAW),

Flux Shielded Arc Welding or sometimes as Stick Welding

Spot Welding or more formally referred to as Resistance Spot Welding (RSW)

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)

Ultrasonic Welding

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